Conclusion – The Perfection of Renunciation Part I

Chapter 18, of the Bhagavad Gita, this chapter summaries the learning, the absolute truth, it is also my commitment coming to fulfillment of sharing of what has been written in the literature, in its format! The learning is a never ending process, however; what is to learn is truly a learning, This chapter gives us inputs with regards to caste system, interestingly the smoke and fire suddenly makes a lot more sence, its relevance to our life.

“The Supreme Personality of Godhead said: The giving up of activities that are based on material desire is what great learned men call the renounced order of life [sannyasa]. And giving up the results of all activities is what the wise call renunciation [tyaga].” What to give up? More importantly why to give up because told or it is needed. It is interesting to understand giving up is what?

“Some learned men declare that all kinds of fruitive activities should be given up as faulty, yet other sages maintain that acts of sacrifice charity and penance should never be abandoned.” Know your reasons for doing or curbing your actions? It is what would help you to understand your own life and its decisions. “Acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up; they must be performed. Indeed, sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls.” “All these activities should be performed without attachment or any expectation of result. They should be performed as a matter of duty, O son of Pratha. That is My final Opinion.” Doing because it was told, or doing because you feel changes the outcome; intentions matter too.

“Prescribed duties should never be renounced. If one gives up his prescribed duties because of illusion, such renunciation is said to be in the mode of ignorance.” Know your duties, giving up or taking would follow, but know what are you supposed to do. The question may arise what happens how do I perform my duties? “O Arjuna, when one performs his prescribed duty only because it ought to be done, and renounces all material association and all attachment to the fruit, his renunciation is said to be in the mode of goodness.” Should I be giving my work and perform my duties one may inquire? “The intelligence renouncer situated in the mode of goodness, neither hateful of inauspicious work nor attached to auspicious work, has no doubts about work.” Work and duties are not substitutes they are complementary to each other.

“Whatever right of wrong action a man performs by body, mind or speech is caused by these five factors.””Therefore one who thinks himself the only doer, not considering the five factors, is certainly not very intelligent and cannot see things as they are.” Everything in life that happens good or bad, don’t not blame yourself for either cause you may face situations for which you may not be wholly responsible. “One who is not motivated by false ego, whose intelligence is not entangled, though he kills men in this world, does not kill. Nor is he bound by his actions” This explains the duty of a soldier for his nation, also the duty of Arjuna towards his country. “Knowledge, the object of knowledge, and the knower are the three factors that motivate action; the senses, the work and the doer are the three constituents of action.” The absolute knowledge is something we may imagine but knowing the absolute truth and action for a reaction may vary in degree of completeness. These above mentioned five factors build for an action. Right and Wrong may be just superficial.

Further the role of a worker is explained, How is one to work?  “One who performs his duty without association with the modes of material nature, without false ego, with great determination and enthusiasm, and without wavering in success or failure is said to be a worker in the mode of goodness.” Who should be ideally let them be? “The worker who is attached to work and the fruits of work, desiring to enjoy those fruits, and who is greedy, always envious, impure, and moved by joy and sorrow, is said to be in the mode of passion.” The one should be more concentrating towards his work and his doing, he may avoid taking the responsibility for “The worker who is always engaged in work against the injunction of the scripture, who is materialistic, obstinate, cheating and expert in insulting others, and who is lazy, always morose and procrastinating is said to be a worker in the mode of ignorance.” You are not responsible for everything, and everything is not because of you however, Krishna is responsible for everything and everything is because of Krishna.

|Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare|

|Hare Rama, Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare|

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